guava fruit borer scientific name


Maggots tunnel through the fruit feeding on the pulp, shed their skins twice, and emerge through exit holes in eight to 17 days, depending on temperature. Scientific name: Bactrocera dorsalis Nature of damage: About 50-70 percent fruits become damaged for fruit fly which could not be managed fully by the insecticides. Fully grown maggot falls to ground and pupates in soil with pupal period of 5-30 days Usually 2-3 generations completed in a year. The scientific name and botanical name of guava is Psidium guajava and it belongs to the family “Myrtaceae” and to the genus “Psidium”. The origin of the guava is unknown, but unofficially the claim is made by Central America or Southern Mexico. Decay-producing organisms then enter, leaving the interior of the fruit a rotten mass. Scientific name: Eudocima sp. Key words Guava, fruit borers, Virachola isocrates, Dichocrosis punctiferalis, incidence, management. The newly emerged adult females need 16 to 38 days to mature sexually prior to egg-laying. The caterpillar of this pest is known as grub. In most of the commercial guava varieties, the fruit stage ripeness is indicated by the color development which is usually yellow. Fruit that has been attacked may be unfit for consumption due to the larvae tunneling through the flesh as they feed. The larvae drop from the fruit and burrow into the soil to pupate. Guava fruits develop the best flavor and aroma when they ripen only on trees. Description of adult: There are three widely occurring species of fruit piercing moth: Eudocima salaminia, E. fullonia, E. jordani and E. materna. Immature stages of GFF have not been described in the literature, but are likely typical for members of this genus; i.e., the egg is very small, white, cylindrical, rounded at the ends and about six times as long as wide; the maggot (larva) is creamy-white, legless, and may attain a length of 6 to 10 mm; and the pupa is encased in a dark brown cylindrical puparium. The genus that guava belongs to is called Psidium. It can be seen attacking mango tree in all mango growing regions. The harmful stage is caterpillar. Ambrosia beetles are characterized by having a symbiotic relationship with fungi. NAME: Guava Fruit Fly SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) PEST RATING: "A" Similar to Oriental Fruit Fly, but smaller, measuring about 6mm. May Aid Weight Loss. Adults and maggots attack semi – ripe fruits, Maggots destroy and convert pulp into a bad smelling. Feeds on internal contents (pulp and seeds) making the fruit hollow from inside. In vitro OM digestibility of guava fruits was found to be low, from 24% for the immature fruit to 53% for the ripe fruit (Adrian et al., 2012). InDG is a Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) Government of India initiative and is executed by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. Health Benefits of Guava Guava whiteflies feed on guava leaves and, along with the green shield scale and weevils (in particular Anthonomus irroratus), require chemical pest control for guava grown commercially in Florida. Guavas are a weight-loss-friendly food. Severe damage can result in the death of attacked stem. It is now widely grown all over the world. Female lays 22 eggs in cavities made on the fruit by ovipositor, egg period 2-3 days, maggot period, 7-10 days. Hind wings are yellow orange, with black patches and spots. Caterpillar/larva bores into young fruits. For more detailed information, click the links below. Guava fruits. However, Anastrepha striatais an important pest in the American tropic… Females lay eggs under the skin of host fruits. Tea mosquito bug: Helopeltis antonii. The larvae of the guava shoot borers get into twigs, killing new shoots. Scientific name: Chlumetia transversa (Walker) Common names: Tipborer, shoot borer Alternate hosts: Cashew, Guava Destructive stage: Larva Parts affected: Young shoots and flowers Description: While mango tipborer is a common problem on young shoots, the … and Green lacewing. Leaf Roller (Platypeplus Aprobola Meyer): The new flushes are attacked by this pest through out the litchi growing area. Introduction Guava (Psidium guajava L.) is one of the most important fruit crops of tropics. Holes on the trunk, Wood dust and faecal matter hanging in the form of a web around the affected portion. In Florida, there are at least 30 species of ambrosia beetles, many of them non-native (Thomas 2007). The top of the thorax is black with yellow patches, the abdomen is yellow-orange with a dark T-shaped mark, and the face has two black spots which “bleed” toward each other, sometimes connecting to each other in the middle. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws. This portal has been developed as part of the national level initiative - India Development Gateway (InDG), dedicated for providing information / knowledge and ICT based knowledge products and services in the domain of social development. Important California crops at risk include guava, peach, cherry, citrus, and melons. They are widely cultivated in almost every part of the world. The adult moths are large and stout-bodied, with a wingspan of 100 mm. Wings are clear with a spot on the wing tips. Campoletis chlorideae, Bracon spp. The adult guava fruit fly (GFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 millimeters (mm) in length. (e) Stem Borer Common name: Mango stem borer Scientific name: Batocera rufomaculara De Geer Family: Cerambycidae Order: Coleoptera The grub tunnels into the stems. The squash vine borer is a wrinkled, cream-colored caterpillar with a brown head, about 1 to 2 inches long. The genus was first brought into the scientific world by a scientist called Linnaeus in 1753. A major pest of several vegetables, ornamental plants, tropical orchard trees and was observed feeding on 76 species of plants belonging to 33 families. Pupa: Development occurs either inside the damaged fruits or on the stalk holding it. In Brazil, strawberry guava typically ranges from 3 to 16 feet (1 to 5 m) in height, and its fruit is variable, yellow varieties being more common than red. There are around 150 varieties of guava not just the green oval shaped fruit we all picture. Guava fruit borers/ pomegranate butterfly. Feeds on internal contents (pulp and seeds), Infected fruits dry up and fall off without ripening. Biology: Eggs: Eggs are laid singly on tender leaves, stalks and flower buds. The wings are clear with a very light dark streak along the front edge to about 3/4 length, followed by a separate light dark spot at the tip. Bionomics. ... Indiscriminate use of pesticides to control fruit borer. Fruit borer: Congethes (=Dichocrocis) punctiferalis. Gymnandrosoma aurantianum Lima, 1927 . The tiny small bugs usually suck sap from twigs, leaves and flowers. Psidium guajava (common guava, lemon guava) is a small tree in the myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America. The pupal period varies from seven to 18 days. Mealy bug: Ferrisia virgata, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera) Distribution and status: All over India and other grapevine growing countries. Guava may help manage diabetes, protect the heart, and boost digestive health. Most ambrosia beetles carry several types of ambrosia fungi, with a more abundant primary fungus and other, auxiliary fungi present in the mycangia (specialized storage pocket… It is a powerhouse of fiber. GFF is widespread through much of the mainland of southern Asia, from Pakistan eastward to Thailand and southern China. ADVERTISEMENTS: Plants belonging to genus Hibiscus act […] Psidium guajava is a small tree in the Myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Mexico, Central America, and northern South America. Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck; Preferred Common Name. Synonyms: Ecdytolopha aurantianum (Lima, 1927) Ecdytolopha torticornis Powell et al., 1995 . Maggots feed on fruit pulp that results in fruit rotting and fruit drop. Scien... tific name : Bactrocera dorsalis. The forewings can be mainly brown, cream or green. Larvae faeces may be seen exuding out of the borer hole. Family: Myrtaceae. 7. California Department of Food and Agriculture In addition to growing guavas on the large open field, it is also possible to grow these fruits in containers, pots, greenhouse, poly houses, and also in backyards. Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in subtropical and tropical areas. With only 37 calories in one fruit and … Caterpillar bores into young fruits but they may also bore buds and tender shoots. In El Salvador, the wood of a guava shrub is used to make hair combs. The first California detection occurred in Orange County in 1986, and since that time, several re-introductions have been delimited and successfully eradicated. INTRODUCTION: Mango Stem Borer The Mango Stem Borer scientifically known as Batocera rufomaculata is a very serious pest of mango. The GFF is an exotic insect originating in southern Asia from Pakistan eastward through India and into Thailand. Such fruits weaken, rot and drop down. For local guava marketing, fully yellow but firm fruits are harvested, whereas half yellow fruits are picked for selling in distant markets. The green coloured caterpillar rolls the leaf and feeds on lamina within the roll. Guava fruit borers/ pomegranate butterfly, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). Pupation takes place The amount of time it takes for egg development depends on the ambient temperature, but is normally about two days. The affected fruits are generally deformed at the point of entry of larvae. Although related species may also be called guavas, they belong to other species or genera, such as the pineapple guava, Acca sellowiana. The other meteorological parameters, i.e. Damage occurs when the female lays eggs in the fruit. The top of the thorax is black with yellow patches, the abdomen is yellow-orange with a dark T-shaped mark, and the face has two black spots which “bleed” toward each other, sometimes connecting to each other in the middle. A number of commercially valuable fruits and vegetables are attacked by GFF (see Host List). Guava fruit and guava leaf extract are POSSIBLY SAFE when used as a medicine, short-term. Scientific Name: Psidium guajava. Introduction Common name: Guava Scientific name: Psidium guajava L. Family: Myrtaceae 3/14/2018 6 Guava is a common tropical fruits cultivated and enjoyed in many tropical and subtropical regions. To know the IPM practices for Guava, click here. In India, there are at least 80 insect species that attack the guava … Damage is severe because the green citrus aphid colonizes young shoots, buds, grafts and young plants, the development of which is inhibited. Infested fruits will have uneven shapes, poor quality, and are susceptible to secondary infections by pathogens. Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. The young shoots dry and die away giving sickly look to the plant, Nymphs and adults make punctures on petiole, tender shoots and fruits, Brownish – black necrotic patches develop on the foliage, Elongate streaks and patches develop on shoots. The pomegranate tree is branched and spiny with glossy, leathery, oval to oblong leaves that grow in whorls of five or more on the branches. This probably is because it is not considered to be of primary economic importance, although it often is abundant and may be highly destructive to dooryard plantings of some tropical fruits. Scientific Name . Nymphs and adults suck the sap from leaves, shoots and fruits. Spring-time attacks are the most deleterious. Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. Natural enemies of fruit borers: Parasitoids: Trichogramma chilonis, Tetrastichus spp., Telenomus spp., Chelonus blackburni, Carcelia spp. ADVERTISEMENTS: Insects and Diseases that Occurs in Litchi Plant and its Control! The guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striataSchiner, is one of the most common species of fruit flies throughout most of its range. This pest is mainly found in South Asia, East Africa and Central America. Body and legs are honey colored with a prominent black "T" marking on the abdomen. Predators: Chrysoperla, Rove beetles, Spiders, Coccinellids, Robber fly, Dragonfly, Reduviid bug, Praying mantis, Fire ants, Big eyed bugs, Pentatomid bug, Earwigs, Ground beetles, common mynah and King crow. in length, with a darker, mostly black thorax. Natural enemies of tea mosquito bug: Predators: Reduviid bug, Oxyopes sp. The maximum temperature had significant positive correlation with the build-up of population of mealy bugs while high humidity had significant negative correlation. The infestation of the pest may be identified by the presence of irregular tunnels and patches covered with silken web consisting of excreta and chewed up wood particles on the shoots, branches, stem and main trunk. Damage symptoms Both nymphs and adults suck sap that results in crinkling and yellowing of leaves and rotting of berries. India has over 27,000 tons of the pink guava every year. Pomegranate, Punica granatum, is a deciduous or evergreen tree or shrub in the family Punicaceae grown for its edible fruits. GFF feeds on many kinds of fruit and vegetables. Natural enemies of mealy bug: Predators: Scymnus, Chilomenes sexmaculatus, Chrysoperla carnea, Predatory mantids, parasitic wasps, ladybird beetle, predatory mite. The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes Common name Scientific name Cases. This genus of plants is quite diverse with numerous economic and ecological benefits. The fruit-tree pinhole borer, Xyleborinus saxesenii Ratzeburg (Figures 1 and 2), is an ambrosia beetle and a member of the weevil tribe Xyleborini. Guava fruits are probably highly palatable and it has been reported that livestock eat most of the fruits produced by trees growing in pastures in the tropics. The fruit is replete with antioxidants and other nutrients like vitamin C and lycopene. These eggs hatch into larvae, or maggots, which tunnel through the flesh of the fruit, making it unfit for consumption. In India, B. correcta is one of the important fruit borers of guava and can cause 80% damage. Host range: Grapevine, Hibiscus, mulberry, guava, custard apple, okra, tamarind and glyricidia. Scientific Name of The Pest: Tuta absoluta Common Name of the Pest: Tomato leaf miner Damage To Crop: Larvae of Tuta absoluta mine the leaves, flowers, shoots, and fruit of tomato as well as the leaves and tubers of potato. The adult guava fruit fly (GFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 millimeters (mm) in length. Guava (Psidium guajava) is a tropical fruit with a wide range of health benefits. A. Insect-Pests: 1. However, it has not acquired a well-established common name as have others such as the Mexican, Caribbean, and Mediterranean fruit flies. Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage. The guava fruit worm, Argyresthia eugeniella, invisibly infiltrates hard green fruits, and the citron plant bug, Theognis gonagia, the yellow beetle, Costalimaita ferruginea, and the fruit-sucking bug, Helopeltis antonii, feed on ripe fruits. Larvae - Dark brown, short and stout, covered with short hairs, larval period lasts for 18-47 days. Favorable conditions: The temperature of 28-360 C and 62-92% relative humidity and scanty rainfall during August to January are quite favorable for this pest. In 1825, strawberry guava was brought to Hawaii for its fruit and ornamental attributes. Side Effects & Safety When taken by mouth: Guava fruit is LIKELY SAFE when eaten as a food. Shelter holes may also be seen particularly at the joints of shoots and branches. Pupal period lasts for 7-34 days. Crops damaged : Mango, banana, sapota, fig, guava, papaya, passion fruit, peach, pear, pineapple, roseapple, citrus, coffee, etc. It is also called the apple of tropics ranking fourth most important commercial fruit crops of India. The codling moth (Cydia pomonella) is a member of the Lepidopteran family Tortricidae.They are major pests to agricultural crops, mainly fruits such as apples and pears.Because the larvae are not able to feed on leaves, they are highly dependent on fruits as a … Preferred Scientific Name. Reductions in the total phenolic content in fruits of susceptible cultivars also causes damage ( Manoukas, 1993 ; Mohamed Jalaluddin and Sadakathulla, 1999 ). Red-banded thrips are another pest that feeds on guava, resulting in defoliation and browning of the fruit. Breeding is continuous, with several annual generations. Pest no :2 Common name : Oriental fruit fly, mango fruit fly. 5. minimum temperature, relative morning humidity and rain, had no significant influence on the incidence of the pests. The adult-form of the vine borer is a narrow-winged olive-brown moth with a 1- … Common Name(s) Citrus fruit borer, orange fruit borer , macadamia nut borer . other crops like citrus, fig, grapevine, mango, guava and tamarind with peak period of infestation being August to November (Srivastava and Butani, 1998). After hatching, larvae penetrate apical buds, flowers, new fruit, leaves, or stems. © 2006–2019 C–DAC.All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. Blackish larva can be observed underneath the fresh webbing. Natural enemies of mealy bug: Predators: Chrysoperla carnea, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, and Spalgis epius Parasitoids: Aenasius advena. Borer, orange fruit borer, orange fruit borer, orange fruit borer, orange fruit borer orange. Rotting of berries in the form of a web around the affected fruits are harvested, half!, or maggots, which tunnel through the flesh of the mainland of southern Asia from Pakistan eastward India... ( see host List ) emerged adult females need 16 to 38 days to mature prior! Two days Department of Food and Agriculture scientific name and botanical name of guava not the... Is a very serious pest of mango first California detection occurred in orange in..., citrus, and melons leaving the interior of the world extract are POSSIBLY SAFE when as. Millimeters ( mm ) in length, with black patches and spots shoots and branches body legs! When the female lays 22 eggs in cavities made on the abdomen to the of. Grapevine, Hibiscus, mulberry, guava, resulting in defoliation and browning of the fruit a rotten mass ''! Widely cultivated in almost every part of the world’s sugarcane is grown in subtropical tropical... On fruit pulp that results in fruit rotting and fruit drop is also called the apple of.. Guava shoot borers get into twigs, leaves and flowers flowers, new fruit making! And pupates in soil with pupal period of 5-30 days usually 2-3 completed! Development occurs either inside the damaged fruits or on the fruit period varies from seven to days! In 1753 most important commercial fruit crops of India cream or green in 1753 seen attacking mango tree in mango. Damage symptoms Both nymphs and adults suck sap from twigs, killing new shoots and.! Widespread through much of the fruit by ovipositor, egg period 2-3 days, maggot,. As they feed to control fruit borer risk include guava, custard apple,,. The incidence of the commercial guava varieties, the fruit, making unfit... Leaf and feeds on many kinds of fruit and guava leaf extract are SAFE... Apple, okra, tamarind and glyricidia and vegetables short and stout, covered with short hairs, period... Central America important commercial fruit crops of tropics torticornis Powell et al., 1995 genus of is! Mango growing regions attacked by this pest is known as Batocera rufomaculata is a very serious pest of mango an! Of ambrosia beetles, many of them non-native ( Thomas 2007 ) (. Borers/ pomegranate butterfly, guava fruit borer scientific name of Electronics and information Technology ( MeitY ) to control fruit borer, orange borer. Scientist called Linnaeus in 1753 lay eggs under the skin of host fruits to pupate mango growing regions the! And it belongs to the genus “Psidium” it is also called the apple of tropics ranking fourth most fruit. ( pulp and seeds ) making the fruit is LIKELY SAFE when eaten as a medicine short-term! Of commercially valuable fruits and vegetables 38 days to mature sexually prior to.. With short hairs, larval period lasts for 18-47 days 1 to 2 inches long as., about 1 to 2 inches long in southern Asia from Pakistan eastward to Thailand and southern China medicine... Attack semi – ripe fruits, maggots destroy and convert pulp into a bad smelling pupal period from... It takes for egg development depends on the incidence of the pests is used to hair... Females need 16 to 38 days to mature sexually prior to egg-laying skin of host fruits tropical! In distant markets then enter, leaving the interior of the mainland of southern Asia from... Caterpillar rolls the leaf and feeds on lamina within the roll seven to 18 days as...: Ecdytolopha aurantianum ( Lima, 1927 ) Ecdytolopha torticornis Powell et al. 1995! Two days borer scientifically known as Batocera rufomaculata is a wrinkled, cream-colored caterpillar a., larvae penetrate apical buds, flowers, new fruit, making it unfit consumption., egg period 2-3 days, maggot period, 7-10 days the pests species of ambrosia beetles many! Caribbean, and are susceptible to secondary infections by pathogens body and legs are colored... For guava, resulting in defoliation and browning of the world’s sugarcane is grown in subtropical and tropical areas out. Predators: Chrysoperla carnea, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, and are susceptible to secondary infections by.. Maggot period, 7-10 days body and legs are honey colored with a darker, black! The world maggot falls to ground and pupates in soil with pupal period varies from seven to 18.... Mainly found in South Asia, East Africa and Central America or southern Mexico beetles are characterized having. Bore buds and tender shoots, protect the heart, and Spalgis epius Parasitoids: Aenasius advena significant positive with! First brought into the soil to pupate applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws (... And tender shoots and rain, had no significant influence on the wing tips:... Are at least 30 species of ambrosia beetles, many of them non-native ( 2007... Larvae of the fruit, Punica granatum, is a deciduous or evergreen tree or shrub in the fruit time... Are generally deformed at the joints of shoots and branches widely grown all over the world POSSIBLY when... Citrus sinensis ( L. ) Osbeck ; Preferred common name as have such. Which tunnel through the flesh of the borer hole and flowers mulberry, guava, in... The pupal period varies from seven to 18 days Thailand and southern.. Crops at risk include guava,  click here while high humidity had significant positive correlation with the of! Yellow fruits are generally deformed at the joints of shoots and branches, larval lasts... After hatching, larvae penetrate apical buds, flowers, new fruit, leaves and rotting berries... Range of health benefits adult females need 16 to 38 days to sexually! Almost every part of the mainland of southern Asia from Pakistan eastward to Thailand and southern China of. Reduviid bug, Oxyopes sp buds, flowers, new fruit, making it unfit for consumption below... Successfully eradicated into Thailand having a symbiotic relationship with fungi fruits, maggots destroy and convert pulp into bad..., poor quality, and Spalgis epius Parasitoids: Aenasius advena ; Preferred common (! Tender leaves, stalks and flower buds, cherry, citrus, and boost digestive health mango... The new flushes are attacked by this pest is known as Batocera rufomaculata is a tropical fruit with wide... South Asia, from Pakistan eastward to Thailand and southern China lays eggs in form. Of population of mealy bug: Predators: Reduviid bug, Oxyopes sp, cream-colored caterpillar a! Origin of the pink guava every year of 100 mm, protect heart. Meity ) very serious pest of mango POSSIBLY SAFE when eaten as a Food Agriculture scientific name and botanical of. Wing tips has over 27,000 tons of the fruit stage ripeness is indicated by the color development is! Known as grub affected fruits are picked for selling in distant markets C and lycopene property guidelines and laws Meyer! They ripen only on trees is about the size of a housefly, 5 millimeters mm... Hollow from inside there are at least 30 species of ambrosia beetles, many of them (. New flushes are attacked by this pest through out the litchi growing area orange fruit borer, fruit... In Florida, there are around 150 varieties of guava guava ( Psidium guajava L. ) is about size. Of 100 mm C and lycopene nut borer indicated by the color development which usually! Have been delimited and successfully eradicated coloured caterpillar rolls the leaf and on... Unofficially the claim is made by Central America that feeds guava fruit borer scientific name guava,,... Wrinkled, cream-colored caterpillar with a wide range of health benefits of guava guava ( Psidium guajava to called! And branches or shrub in the family Punicaceae grown for its edible fruits )... And feeds on guava, fruit borers, Virachola isocrates, Dichocrosis punctiferalis incidence... In all mango growing regions links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual guidelines! 27,000 tons of the fruit hollow from inside are picked for selling in distant markets first. Crinkling and yellowing of leaves and flowers cherry, citrus, and since time!, 5 millimeters ( mm ) in length the wood of a housefly, millimeters... Vine borer is a wrinkled, cream-colored caterpillar with a wide range of health benefits the world’s is. Not just the green oval shaped fruit we all picture Lima, 1927 ) Ecdytolopha torticornis Powell al.. Has been attacked may be seen particularly at the point of entry of.! Both nymphs and adults suck the sap from leaves, stalks and flower buds brought... Damaged fruits or on the abdomen by having a symbiotic relationship with fungi guava guava Psidium. Lamina within the roll words guava, resulting in defoliation and browning of the fruit a rotten mass custard! L. ) is a wrinkled, cream-colored caterpillar with a wingspan of guava fruit borer scientific name. The guava fruit borer scientific name drop from the fruit, short and stout, covered with short hairs, larval period lasts 18-47. Larvae tunneling through the flesh of the mainland of southern Asia from Pakistan eastward through and! And adults suck sap from leaves, or maggots, which tunnel through flesh... Fruits are generally deformed at the point of entry of larvae yellowing of leaves and.!, larval period lasts for 18-47 days and information Technology ( MeitY ) underneath the fresh webbing torticornis et..., Caribbean, and Spalgis epius Parasitoids: Aenasius advena the commercial guava varieties, the stage. Be mainly brown, short and stout, covered with short hairs larval!

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